Frogs Of The Sunshine Coast
NOT ALL SPECIES ARE LISTED
Green Tree Frog(Litoria caerulea)
Dark olive to bright green in colour, but can change depending on the temperature, humidity and lighting. Its sides, and sometimes its back, have a scattering of white spots or flecks. The belly is white. Irises are golden and pupils are horizontal. Fingers are partially webbed. Toes are webbed and toe discs are large. Body size up to 12 cm.
Red-eyed Tree Frog(Litoria chloris)
Usually bright green to dark moss green in colour. The backs of its thighs are purple-red to brown, often with an iridescent tinge. The belly is granular and white or yellow and its upper arms, hands and feet are yellow. Its irises are golden red or golden orange. Both its fingers and toes are webbed and its toe discs are large. Body size up to 7 cm.
Graceful Tree Frog(Litoria gracilenta). Also known as Dainty Tree Frog.
Varies in colour from bright leaf-green to pea-green. It has a pale yellow stripe running from the snout, over its eyes to the eardrums. Its upper arms, fingers, toes and thighs are bright yellow, while the hind edges of its thighs are purple-brown, often with an iridescent sheen. Its belly is granular and cream to yellow. Its irises are yellow-orange and its pupils are horizontal. Body size up to 4.5 cm.
Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog(Litoria fallax)
A small slender frog, usually all green, but can be green with fawn legs or all fawn. A white stripe runs underneath the eyes. The backs of its thighs and groin are orange to yellow-white. The skin on its back is smooth and its belly is granular. Its irises are golden and its pupils are horizontal. Its toes are partially webbed and its toe discs are large. Body size up to 2.5 cm.
Peron's Tree Frog(Litoria peronii)
It has the ability to quickly change colour, ranging from a pale green-grey to a red-brown, and has tiny emerald-green flecks on its back. Thighs, groin and armpits have black and bright yellow markings. Its belly is granular and white or cream. It has cross-shaped pupils and silver irises. Body size up to 6.5 cm.
Little Red Tree Frog(Litoria rubella). Also known as Desert Tree Frog.
Small, with large pads on the tip of each finger and toe. Fingers with almost no webbing, toes two thirds webbed. Brown, grey or fawn with dark flecks and a dark stripe on side of head that extends to forelimb. Groin yellow. Back of thigh brown with small white spots. Length - 3.5cm.
Bleating Tree Frog(Litoria dentata)
Cream-brown to light grey-brown or even red-brown in colour, with a broad, dark brown band on its back. A dark stripe runs through the eyes and eardrums and down its sides. Groin, armpits and the backs of its thighs are frequently yellow, particularly in the male. Its belly is granular and yellow-white. The upper halves of its irises are red. The skin on its back is smooth. Body length up to 4.5 cm.
Striped Marsh Frog(Limnodynastes peronii)
Body brown with light and dark stripes across. Some individuals have a narrow, pale yellowish stripe down the middle of the back. Wide, dark stripe from the nose, through the eye to the top of the arm. Up to 8 cm long.
Great Barred Frog(Mixophyes fasciolatus)
A large, long-legged frog. Ranging from yellow-grey to dark brown in colour, with darker spots or mottling. Its legs are barred. A thin, dark stripe runs from its snout through its eyes to above its eardrums. Its belly is smooth and white or pale yellow. Its irises are uniform dark brown and its pupil is vertical. The female is usually darker than the male. Body size up to 11 cm.
Giant Barred Frog(Mixophyes iteratus)
This is Australia's second largest species of frog, reaching a maximum size of about 120mm. It's unfortunately listed as endangered. This frog is normally dark brown on the dorsal surface with some spots of variable size in a darker colour. The upper half of the iris is golden in colour, with the bottom half being darker, a thin dark stripe runs from the snout, through the eye, and down past the tympanum. There is a dark triangle shape on the end of the snout starting from the nostril, with a paler triangle present behind it stretching to the eye. The legs are very strongly barred and the toes are fully webbed. The thighs and side are pale yellowish in colour with many darker spots also present in this area. The underbelly is white.
Eastern Banjo Frog(Limnodynastes dumerilii). Also known as Pobblebonk Frog.
Pale raised stripe from below the eye to the top of the front leg; prominent lump on the hind leg (the tibial gland); white or mottled belly. Call: a loud 'bonk'. Up to 9 cm long.
Eastern Stony Creek Frog(Litoria wilcoxii)
Medium-sized (snout to vent length: females 70 mm, males 45 mm). Back brown (breeding males bright lemon yellow). A black stripe extending from nostril, through eye to arm (dark ear disc hangs below this stripe). Groin yellow to green with black blotches. Back of thigh black with yellow to green spots or blotches. Belly white, granular. Discs on tips of fingers and toes. No webbing on fingers, but well developed on toes.
Wallum Sedge Frog(Litoria olongburensis). Also known as the Olongburra Frog or the Sharp-snouted Reed Frog.
Varying in color from brown to dark green it inhabits the thick and often acidic marshes of the Wallum along the coast of QLD and NSW. Mating season comes in early spring, often after heavy rainfalls. Females attach their eggs to grasses and sedges. Their call is high pitched and follows a "creeeek... crik" pattern.
Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical swamps, wallum swamps, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
The species is considered vulnerable with there being about 10,000–50,000 such frogs in the wild. Despite conservation efforts, the population continues to decrease. Loss of habitat, invasive plants, and disease (most notably chytrid fungus) are contributing to the loss of population.
Broad-palmed Rocket Frog(Litoria latopalmata)
Medium-sized (snout to vent: length females 45 mm, males 40 mm). Grey to pale brown with a bold dark stripe from nostril to forelimb; this encloses the ear and is broken by a pale crescent-shaped bar in front of the eye. Skin smooth or with a few scattered low warts. Back of thighs yellow with darker mottling. Belly white with granular surface. Small discs on tips of fingers and toes. No webbing on fingers but well-developed webbing on toes.
Striped Rocket Frog(Litoria nasuta)
Very variable in colour and patterning. It reaches 55 mm in length, has extremely long legs, and is very streamlined. Its dorsal surface is a shade of brown with longitudinal skin folds or warts that are darker in colour than the skin around them. The ventral surface is white and granular. A brown stripe starts from the nostril, goes across the eye, through the tympanum and ends between the armpit and groin. The tympanum is brown with a white circle surrounding it. The thighs are marked with black lines on a yellow background. Throats of breeding males are yellow. Although being a 'tree frog', this species spends most of its life as an adult on land, due to its inability to climb because of its small discs.
Cane Toad(Rhinella marina)
This toad is considered the most widely-introduced amphibian species in the world. People have tried to use it to control insects such as the greybacked cane beetle, Lepidoderma albohirtum which threatened sugar cane production. However, there is no evidence that it has controlled any pest in Australia and it is now considered a pest species itself in its introduced range of Australia and on Pacific and Caribbean Islands. It preys on and outcompetes native amphibians and also causes predator declines, since these predators have no natural immunity to the bufotoxin it secretes. (Bureau of Rural Sciences 1998, Aguirre and Poss 1999).
Negative Impacts: injures humans & domestic pets (poisonous ); household pest.
Rights holder: The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
Provided by: Encyclopedia of Life
Please be patient, this page is still undergoing development.